World War 2 made ingenuity and development essential. Bletchley Park, and in particular the story of Alan Turing, are key to World War 2 history. Also the Turing Machine was one of the most notable developments of its time. This piece of technology went on to decrypt the Enigma code and likewise end the war.
Initially I heard of Bletchley Park Estate and Alan Turing from the Imitation Game film. The story caught my attention immediately. Fortunately, much of the Bletchley Park Estate still stands. During the war, Bletchley Park was a classified site and as a result not open to the public. It has since been declassified and as a result it is open for the public to explore. Surprisingly it is also an easy day trip from London. Intrigued? So were we…
EXPLORE CODE CRACKING AT BLETCHLY PARK
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GETTING TO BLETCHLEY PARK MUSEUM
Bletchley Park is 45 minutes drive from London. Additionally, it is also accessible via rail making making it an attractive outing for families. Furthermore, parking is plentiful. Bletchley Park Estate is also only 35 minutes drive from Oxford.Save on your entry by pre booking online. UK tax payers can gift the entry for no extra charge too. Entry is valid for a year.READ | 20 Incredible day trips from London
READ | Our guide to the prettiest Cotswolds Village ( just a short drive away! )
BLETCHLEY PARK ESTATE – THE GROUNDS
First you should visit the museum. It is a must see on your visit to Bletchley Park. The interactive site gives an insight into the technology and history of encryption.
The Turing machine was not the first decoding device. Many prototypes and devices came before it. A device called the Robinson machine interested us as it shares our last name. Unfortunately it soon became obsolete.
GETTING HANDS ON
Next you can attempt to decode a letter for yourself or tune a radio in to hear secret correspondence. There are also rooms set up as they were at the time, so you can step back in history. In particular we enjoyed setting a code on small Enigma machine.
A HISTORY OF THE WORKERS
The human element is fascinating. Tacticians used profiling to solve the encryption well before it was commonplace. In this case, thinking like the Nazi soldiers helped them to decode the messages.
Furthermore, the code breakers used theories such as ‘does the message have a common phrase or greeting?’ These commonalities subsequently allowed the code breakers to more easily see the patterns in the messages. Workers used the patterns to set the machines parameters daily. One of the common patterns found was ‘Heil Hitler’. In particular this message helped to decode the letters H, E, I, L, R and T for the day.
Bletchley Park is very hands on, which is great for families. All of the ‘delicate’ equipment is behind glass. Conversely there are plenty of interactive displays to interact and experiment with. Additionally, the large grounds make it a great place to round around and explore.
READ | Explore more history at the nearby North Leigh Roman Villa
THE TURING MACHINE
Finally, the Bletchley Park tour is incomplete until you see the Turing machine huts. Turing machines are special because they were the first machine to use computing technology. Each machine was programmable and adaptable. Encryption changed daily, so it was essential that the machines were adaptable.
OPERATING THE TURING MACHINE
Turing machines required a lot of hands on input. The WRENS (Womens Royal Naval Service) were in charge of programming the Turing machines. The women kept the machines running over 3 shifts. Operating the Turing Machines was a tiring job. The huts that housed them hung heavy with the smell of oil and the whirring of wheels. Interestingly for the time, over 75of the workforce at Bletchley Park were women like the WRENS.
DECODING THE TURING MACHINE MESSAGES
Unfortunately messages were not simple to decode. Many of the messages had spelling mistakes, were grammatically incorrect or poorly written. Human error meant that a team of people were required to interpret the decoded messages and translate them into intelligible messages.
Important messages were referred for action. Many of the messages were daily chatter however and it was a case of decoding and interpreting as quickly as possible to find the important ones.
The Allies used this intelligence to plan their attacks. They also fed the Nazis false information. Confusing the Nazis allowed the Allies to carry out their real plans in surprise.
The Allies had to be careful to not to intervene too much. The Nazis needed to believe that the Enigma code was secure. Unfortunately the Allies were unable to action every piece of intelligence for this reason. They walked a fine line between changing the direction of the way and giving away their secret.
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BEST DAY TRIPS FROM LONDON : BLETCHLEY PARK
Bletchley Park is the perfect place for those nostalgic for the past. It’s a nostalgic day trip from London. It appeals to people who appreciate brilliant minds or are interested in the history of computing. The beautiful site is interesting and the displays are engaging. It is an easy day trip from London by car or rail.
Displays are set up to accommodate large numbers of guests however it is quieter to visit on a week day. We visited on a weekend and it was busy when we went. It took us around 2 hours to see everything moving at a steady pace.
Only one Turing machine remains in working order. At the present time you can see it at the National Computing museum next door.